CSM Working Group on Global Food Governance
Thierry Kesteloot – Oxfam Solidarité, Belgium
Terms of Reference of the Working Group
The role of the CSM Food Governance Working Group would be to support the Coordination Committee, the Advisory Group as well as the CSM transversally across other WGs on issues related to the role of the CFS in the overall food governance architecture. In this context, the WG will take a proactive approach on the following critical issues:
- The role of the CFS in the food and nutrition governance and its relations with other intergovernmental normative spaces and institutions as well as with other international fora, platforms and initiatives;
- The role of the CFS and its relations with other levels of food and nutrition governance, notably the regional and national levels, and related institutions and processes;
- The human rights foundations of the CFS, with special but not exclusive reference to the human right to adequate food and nutrition in the context of the indivisibility of all human rights;
- The challenges of conflicts of interest within the CFS and the exploration of possible ways to tackle them.
The WG will also support the Coordination Committee and the Advisory Group in tackling selected items of the CFS evaluation follow-up process that relate to the above items.
In addition, the WG will also follow the CFS workstream related to the HLPE Report on “Multi-stakeholder Partnerships to Finance and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the Framework of the 2030 Agenda” and facilitate the CSM contribution to the process that would emanate from it. Should it be required, a subgroup might be established to deal with this workstream.
HLPE Report on “Multi-stakeholder Partnerships to Finance and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the Framework of the 2030 Agenda”
- HLPE e-consultation on the zero draft of the Report – Deadline 19 February 2018
- CSM Contribution to the e-consultation
Background of the Process: Extract from the MYPoW 2018-2019 approved at CFS 44th Plenary Session
Multistakeholder partnerships to finance and improve food security and nutrition in the framework of the 2030 Agenda (2018)
42. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development comprises not only the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it also includes the means to achieve them, with the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) adopted during the Third International Conference on Financing for Development. The AAAA recognizes access to adequate and nutritious food, agriculture and rural development together with ending hunger as one broad area where more and better investments, underpinned by adequate financing, are needed and could yield cross-cutting benefits for sustainable development. Furthermore, it explicitly recognizes the role of the CFS Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems (CFS-RAI).
43. To achieve the ambitious goals set in the 2030 Agenda, multistakeholder partnerships are expected to play an increasingly relevant role in its implementation, as fully recognised in SDG 17 “Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development”. Partnerships are important vehicles for mobilising and sharing experiences, technology, knowledge, and resources to successfully implement the SDGs, especially in relation to food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture. The scale and ambition of the 2030 Agenda imply due attention to the means of implementation, including how to mobilize the resources needed. Moreover, effective multistakeholder partnerships need to embrace innovative, sustainable and scalable approaches for advancing the 2030 Agenda in an integrated manner.
44. Partnerships are multistakeholder in nature, bringing together actors from national governments, humanitarian and development organizations, UN agencies and bodies, donors, foundations, civil society and private sector at both national and international levels in any combination. In this sense, multistakeholder partnerships offer promising and innovative means to increase the effectiveness of development finance in the context of the 2030 Agenda, while recognizing the key role of multi-year financing for effective partnerships.
45. While many types of partnerships exist and various of them have been well described, there has been no systemic and comparative exercise in drawing lessons from the variety of multi-sectoral partnerships that are (or have been) operational in connection to food security and nutrition. It should be made clear which types offer the most potential towards supporting the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, and which ones are the most promising in terms of innovative financing and access to resources, technology transfer, and capacity building.
46. In October 2016 the HLPE was requested to take stock of new evidence, analyse trends, identify new opportunities and challenges and provide recommendations that could result in evidence based policy guidance, in connection to partnerships in relation to mobilizing means of implementation for food security and nutrition. The HLPE was asked to examine the potential for enhancing the role and effectiveness of multistakeholder partnerships as a modality for scaling up innovation, resources and action to deliver the SDGs, with special attention to food security and nutrition related goals.
47. This topic would also build on the work of the AAAA and include special attention to the means of implementation to achieve food security and nutrition from various sources and through various partnership arrangements. This may include: domestic public and private resources; external private resources (both profit and non-profit); and external public resources from Official Development Aid (ODA), and other resources beyond finance as described in AAAA.
Relevance and impact
48. This HLPE report is intended to contribute to the design of policies, initiatives and investments required to successfully finance and implement the 2030 Agenda with particular attention to food security and nutrition and by leveraging multistakeholder partnerships at global, regional and national levels. It could lead to recommendations in connection with the various opportunities and challenges associated with the various forms of multi-sectoral partnerships.
49. By commissioning this report, CFS is contributing to the global effort to implement the SDGs by linking SDGs related to food security and nutrition (SDG2 and others) with SDG17, and by drawing attention, in particular, to the types of partnerships that can enhance the amount and effectiveness of finance for food security and nutrition. However, those FSN-specific lessons and recommendations may be beneficial for the implementation of Agenda 2030 at large.
50. CFS is uniquely positioned to address this issue, because of its mandate, its ability to bridge evidence-based discussions with a multistakeholder political and practice-informed discussion. It brings together stakeholders that have important experience in working in partnership. Moreover, the CFS-RAI, highly relevant for the issue at stake, demonstrates its capacity to asses and define the roles of different stakeholders in a partnership. Research into partnerships requires a multi-disciplinary approach for which the HLPE is particularly suitable given its capacity to cover a mix of expertise ranging from agricultural economics, finance, governance and sociology to rural development, from all regions in the world, as required for this study.
51. There has been substantial research and a high number of country, regional and global initiatives focused on partnerships and financing mechanisms, particularly to inform the discussions leading to Agenda 2030. There is substantial evidence base to draw on.
Areas of focus requested
52. The HLPE was asked to look at the effectiveness, impact and performance of such partnerships in reaching food security and nutrition objectives, in the context of the 2030 Agenda. The HLPE report should further explore how partners can enhance their cooperation through establishing fully functioning partnerships in which multiple stakeholders work together for shared objectives, such as:
- CFS like partnerships/platforms at country level to address food security and nutrition issues and help countries implement CFS products;
- Public-Private-Producers Partnerships for sustainable agriculture;
- Partnerships involving the UN, such as UN led partnerships and multistakeholder partnerships including UN agencies for food security and nutrition purposes;
- Partnerships with multilateral development finance institutions, including those involved in Private Sector Investment Operations, in particular on how to improve medium and small agribusinesses’ access to finance;
- Partnerships involving farmer organisations, farmer associations and cooperatives;
- Partnerships involving (philanthropic) foundations for food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture;
- Partnerships for sustainable and responsible consumption for food security and improved nutrition;
- National and regional platforms aiming to foster food security and nutrition;
- South-South and Triangular cooperation;
- Food security and nutrition partnerships that particularly aim at ‘leaving no one behind’, with particular attention to relevant areas, such as social protection and safety nets, emergency preparedness and response and capacity strengthening.
Objectives and expected outcomes
53. Following the launch of the report, expected by the end of June 2018, a facilitator will be selected among CFS Members to invite interested CFS Members and Participants to review the evidence presented by the HLPE report, discuss the potential offered by the various partnerships in connection to food security and nutrition towards implementing the 2030 Agenda, innovative financing and access to resources. CFS stakeholders are invited to consider the elements of the report that could feed the discussions of other ongoing CFS activities, such as the work on urbanization and rural transformation and the work on nutrition and food systems, as well as the CFS contribution to the High-Level Political Forum, and to determine the follow-up process.