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CSM Report on Monitoring the use and application of the CFS Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises (CFS-FFA) DOWNLOAD THE REPORT IN ENGLISH AND ARABIC! ENGLISH |ARABIC The last decade has witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of protracted crises. The number of displaced people in the world is now roughly 80% higher than in 2010, while internal displacement has reached an all-time high. Protracted crises can often lead to drastic breakdowns in food systems, with extreme levels of food insecurity, malnourishment and hunger. Currently, there are nearly 60 million more undernourished people than in 2014, due in large part to the growing number of conflicts; indeed, the majority of undernourished people live in countries experiencing conflict. Historically, deep discussion on food security in protracted crises was stifled in food policy platforms, as many protracted crises require political solutions. However, these contexts pose unique challenges – both in the duration of food insecurity and the complexity of appropriate remedial interventions – and require unique solutions. For many years, peoples’ organisations from conflict-inflicted regions agitated for a focus on this vital issue. In 2012, the CFS embraced this priority and initiated a process to create a framework to guide comprehensive approaches to food security in these circumstances, which was celebrated as a victory for the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM). The FFA is unique in its emphasis on addressing, resolving and preventing underlying causes of protracted crises, and the food insecurity and malnutrition they so often cause. The FFA is anchored in the human rights and humanitarian law framework which is fundamental to these goals and to ensuring accountability and restitution for those affected by crises. Equally important, the framework recognises that resilience-building must enhance peoples’ capacity to prevent crises, not merely to prepare for or absorb them. As communities affected by crises assert, they should not be left to cope with or adapt to crises but rather be supported to resist their re-emergence and achieve meaningful recovery and development. The FFA provides a much-needed basis for CFS and other policy platforms to better discuss and define comprehensive and coherent responses, the processes required to realise them, and the context-specific methods for conflict-resolution and peacebuilding. This report aims to complement the CFS-led assessment of the implementation of the FFA by providing reflections from civil society organisations on: a) the implementation of and alignment with the FFA (or lack thereof) in policy decisions and actions taken in their home countries experiencing protracted crises; b) key barriers and challenges to use and implementation of the FFA; c) CSO experiences in advocating for the implementation of the FFA; d) coherence between the FFA and pre-existing (binding and non-binding) obligations and commitments of states,
Call for inputs to an independent CSO report on monitoring the use and application of the CFS Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises Do the survey at the links you find below to submit your experience and make governments hear your voice! READ THE ARABIC CALL FOR INPUTS The CFS Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises (FFA) was endorsed by the CFS at its Forty-Second Session on 13 October 2015 (CFS 2015/42/4), following a three-year preparation and negotiation process with CFS actors. Civil society actors, via the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM) for relations with the CFS — particularly those affected by protracted crises — have played a key role in bringing this vital topic to the agenda of the CFS and throughout the preparation and negotiation process. The FFA represents the first global consensus on how to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food during protracted crises. The objective of the Framework is to improve the food security and nutrition of populations affected by, or at risk of, protracted crises by addressing critical manifestations and building resilience; adapting to specific challenges; and contributing to addressing underlying causes. It recognizes the need to achieve coherence between humanitarian, development, and peace-building efforts that address underlying causes of food insecurity and malnutrition within a human-rights approach. At its 47th Session in October 2020, CFS will hold a Global Thematic Event (GTE) for monitoring the use and application of the FFA. The GTE will enable a multi-actor dialogue based on the experiences and good practices documented by CFS participants, outcomes from national, regional and international monitoring events, and will contribute to monitoring progress in implementing the FFA at all levels. The GTE is an opportunity for the civil society to prepare and disseminate an independent assessment of the current status of the use and implementation of the CFS-FFA. To facilitate the gathering of inputs and the consolidation of the report, the CSM working group on Monitoring of the FFA has developed a simple questionnaire in English, Arabic, French and Spanish that can be accessed through the following links: ENGLISH: https://forms.gle/ZRsHmPRLP59oRUCB6 ARABIC: https://forms.gle/5ydxM9BjCgupdvP89 FRENCH: https://forms.gle/mAfwdPqB5rNLy8q57 SPANISH: https://forms.gle/tpf3p1wGzfEKmydd9 The purpose of this survey is to determine what policies and responses are being taken by different actors — such as governments, international organizations, and civil society — in contexts of protracted crises,
Call for experiences and good practices in the use and application of the CFS Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crisis (CFS-FFA) This year the CFS will engage in the monitoring exercise of the CFS Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises (CFS-FFA), and a Global Thematic Event is foreseen during CFS 47th Plenary Session in October 2020. A first call for inputs to share results of multi-stakeholder events organized to discuss the FFA at national, regional and global level was issued in March 2019, with a deadline of 31 March 2020. Please find here the template for submissions to be sent to CFS@fao.org by 31 March 2020 (extended to 30 April 2020). All contributions will inform the CFS 47 plenary Global Thematic Event in October 2020. In October 2019 a second call was issued, this time soliciting individual inputs on experiences and good practices regarding the use and application of the FFA, broadly, using an online survey and with a deadline of 31 March 2020. The CSM held a first internal consultation on the FFA during last October 2019, and a global consultation will take place in Rome in the first half of March. A core group of CSM participating organizations from the CSM Monitoring and Protracted Crises working groups is currently engaged in the process of preparation and consultation to draft CSM inputs at the end of March. As in previous years, the CSM is also preparing its own independent monitoring report and soon a CSM survey will be made available to collect experiences. If you are willing to engage and to be actively involved in the process, please write to the CSM Secretariat to join the core group! Find here the timeline of the process.
Towards Smallholder-oriented Public Policies: Independent report by the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples Mechanism for the Committee on World Food Security monitoring the use and implementation of CFS policy recommendations on smallholders – 2019 DOWNLOAD THE REPORT HERE! Small-scale producers or smallholders feed the large majority of the world’s population, yet their importance has only recently been recognized in global policy spaces. The UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) has been a key player in this, challenging the dominant narrative that the only solution to food insecurity is calling on technology to produce more food and agribusiness value chains to process it and channel it to consumers. Since its reform in 2009, the CFS has recognized both the agency of small-producers as well as the key roles they play in right to food realization and in achieving food security and nutrition. Through policy convergence processes, it has worked towards supporting smallholders in these roles. This policy focus is a direct result of the participation and evidence of small-scale producers from around the globe in CFS policy processes. This year the CFS is placing smallholders at center stage, monitoring the use and application of three CFS policy recommendations: Investing in Smallholder Agriculture for Food Security and nutrition (CFS 40, 2013), Connecting Smallholders to Markets (CFS 43, 2016) and Sustainable Agriculture Development for Food Security and Nutrition: What Roles for Livestock? (CFS 43, 2016). This report is the contribution of the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples Mechanism (CSM) to that process. Following a human rights-based approach on monitoring and based on exchanges with actors from around the globe, this report takes the reality on the ground as the basis of analysis to assess not only how the policy recommendations have been used at the national level, regional and global level, but also where their potential is and further work is needed. The report begins by highlighting the progress made in the use and application of the CFS smallholder policy recommendations. The recommendations have helped to shape the content of other UN policy initiatives and legal instruments, including the UN Decade of Family Farming and UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas. Also within the CFS, these policy processes have contributed to a common understanding and language on the importance of respecting, protecting and fulfilling women’s rights in the context of food security and nutrition. Civil society
Call for inputs to monitor the use and application of CFS Policy Recommendations 2019 With the recent adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other people working in Rural Areas and the foreseen start of the UN International Decade on Family Farming, 2019 will be an important year for setting a clear advocacy agenda for public policies that support small-scale food producers. The monitoring exercise taking place within the CFS is an important contribution to this agenda, creating the possibility to reflect on the challenges, as well as the needed public policies that support small-scale food producers and the right to food. As part of the incremental development of the CFS Monitoring Mechanism, in 2019 for the first time the CFS will make efforts towards monitoring the use and implementation of ‘Policy Recommendations’ as distinct from ‘major outcomes’ like the Tenure Guidelines. As a pilot exercise, the CFS will focus on policy recommendations that support investment and development in smallholders, including: 1: Investing in Smallholder Agriculture for Food Security and Nutrition (endorsed in 2013) 2: Connecting Smallholders to Markets (endorsed in 2016) 3: Sustainable Agricultural Development for Food Security and Nutrition: What Roles for Livestock? (endorsed in 2016) These recommendations are the outcomes of negotiations in which civil society invested a lot of effort and won some important points. ‘Investing in Smallholder Agriculture for FSN’ acknowledges that small-scale producers are responsible for the bulk of the food consumed in the world and for most investment in agriculture and urges governments to develop coherent policy packages in support of smallholder agriculture, with the participation of producers and other actors. ‘Connecting Smallholders to Markets’ unveils the reality that most food transits not through global value chains but through territorial markets rooted in local, national and regional food systems. It recommends filling the data gap on territorial markets, which are not targeted in official data collection, and developing appropriate public policies to support them. The recommendations on ‘Sustainable Agricultural Development for FSN: What roles for Livestock’ recognize the existence of different livestock systems with significantly different impact on the livelihoods and ecological foundations of their respective communities and chart pathways for their sustainable transformation, while acknowledging the specificities and contribution of pastoral systems. The outcome of the exercise will be shared in a three-hour session during CFS 46 in October 2019. It will focus on how smallholders have benefitted, or are expected to benefit, from these